每日听力|BBC六分钟双语版208

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原标题:每日听力|BBC六分钟双语版208 - Cryptocurrencies

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Introduction

A new kind of money might be appearing soon - Libra from Facebook. Sam and Catherine discuss how different it is from Bitcoin, give you the basics about cryptocurrencies and teach you related vocabulary.

This week"s question

Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency, but when was it created? Was it:

a) 2008

b) 2009

c) 2010

The answer is at the end of the programme.

Transcript

Note: This is not a word for word tran

Catherine

Hello. This is 6 Minute English, I"m Catherine.

Sam

And I"m Sam.

Catherine

Now, Sam, what can you tell us about cryptocurrencies?

Sam

The word is a combination of crypto, from cryptography, which is to do with using clever software codes to protect computer information and systems, and currency, which is the money of a particular country. So cryptocurrency, very simply, meanscode money. We usually think of money as notes and coins which come from a country’s bank. But a cryptocurrency doesn’t have physical money. It’s purely digital and is not controlled by banks or governments but by the people who have it and very complex computer codes. Perhaps the most well-known is Bitcoin.

Catherine

Well, you seem to know a fair bit about cryptocurrency actually… anyway, now a new player is joining the digital money system as Facebook have announced they are launching their own digital currency. They are calling it "Libra". And we’ll be finding a little bit more about this topic in the programme, but first, a question. Now, Sam, you mentioned Bitcoin as being a well-known cryptocurrency. It was, in fact, the first cryptocurrency, but when was Bitcoin created? Was it:

a) 2008

b) 2009 or

c) 2010?

Sam

I’m going to say 2010.

Catherine

OK. Well, I"ll reveal the answer later in the programme. Now, Jemima Kelly is a financial journalist. She was talking on the BBC radio programme Money Box Live about the plans for Libra. She says it"s not really a cryptocurrency because it"s actually backed up by a number of real currencies. So which currencies does she mention?

Jemima Kelly

A cryptocurrency is normally subject to the whims of crypto markets, which are notoriously volatile, whereas Libra is kept stable by being backed up by a basket of currencies, in this case, the dollar, the pound, the euro and the Swiss franc.

Catherine

So which currencies did she say were backing up Libra, Sam?

Sam

She said that the dollar, the pound, the euro and Swiss franc were the currencies that would be backing up Libra.

Catherine

And this is different from regular cryptocurrencies, isn’t it?

Sam

Yes, cryptocurrencies are completely independent of financial institutions and other currencies.

Catherine

And this can make them risky, can’t it?

Sam

Yes, she says that cryptocurrency markets are notoriously volatile. Something that is volatile can change very quickly. When it comes to currency, it means that its value can go up or down by a large amount over a very short period of time.

Catherine

And it’s described as notoriously volatile because this has actually happened a few times in the past. Something that is notorious is well known or famous but for a negative reason. So the value of a currency going up and down in a volatile way – that"s not positive.

Sam

If you want to take the risk you could make a lot of money, but you could also lose a lot of money - more than you invested.

Catherine

So why are cryptocurrencies so volatile?

Sam

Most currencies are reasonably stable. This is the opposite of volatile. They don’t change a lot over a short period of time. There can be big changes but usually governments and banks control currencies to prevent it. Cryptocurrencies don’t have those controls. What Jemima Kelly said was that they are subject to the whims of the crypto markets. A whim is an unpredictable or irrational decision or trend and if you are subject to the whims of something, or someone, it means that metaphorically you are a passenger in a self-driving car which may decide just to drive off the edge of a cliff. So it might be an exciting ride, but it could end in disaster.

Catherine

Right, it’s time now to get the answer to the question I asked at the beginning of the programme. Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency, but when was it created? Was it:

a) 2008

b) 2009

c) 2010?

Sam

I said 2010, but I’m not really sure.

Catherine

And you"re absolutely wrong! The correct answer is 2009, so no luck for you this time, but congratulations to everyone who did get that right. Well, anyway, let’s round off today with a review of today’s vocabulary.

Sam

First off there is cryptography which is the use of special codes to keep computer systems and content safe.

Catherine

A currency is the money of a particular country, for example in the UK we have the pound, in the US there’s the dollar and in many countries in Europe the currency is the euro.

Sam

Cryptocurrency is a combination of cryptography and currency and it’s used for a finance system that is based on secure digital coins that are not connected to banks or governments.

Catherine

We then had the expression subject to the whims of. Whims are unpredictable decisions and if you are subject to them it means you can’t control them, you have no choice but to go in the direction those whims lead.

Sam

This means that the value of cryptocurrencies are notoriously volatile. They have a history of going up or down in value by large amounts and very quickly. And that’s not good.

Catherine

Well, it might be good if it goes up!

Sam

True.

Catherine

But if you want less risk, if you want your currency to be the opposite of volatile, if you want it, in other words, to be stable, then maybe cryptocurrencies are not for you.

Sam

Well, we are subject to the whims of the schedule which means our 6 minutes are up. We look forward to your company again soon. Bye for now.

Catherine

Bye!

Vocabulary

cryptography

the use of complex codes to keep computer systems and information secure

currency

the money of a particular country

cryptocurrency

digitally produced money that is not controlled by banks or governments

subject to the whims of

being controlled by unpredictable decisions and trends

notoriously volatile

well known for changing by a large amount in an unpredictable way

stable

predictable and without big unexpected changes

双语版Transcript

Hello. This is6 Minute English, I"m Catherine.

大家好,这里是六分钟英语,我是凯瑟琳。

And I"m Sam.

我是萨姆。

Now, Sam, whatcan you tell us about cryptocurrencies?

萨姆,你能告诉我们关于加密货币的什么东西?

The word is acombination of crypto, from cryptography, which is to do with using cleversoftware codes to protect computer information and systems, and currency, whichis the money of a particular country.

这个词是由"cryptography"单词里的"crypto""currency"组合而成。"cryptography"指的是使用智能软件密码来保护计算机信息和系统,而"currency"指的是某个国家的货币。

Socryptocurrency, very simply, means code money.

所以加密货币,非常简单,指的就是密码货币。

We usuallythink of money as notes and coins which come from a country"s bank.

我们通常认为货币是纸币和硬币,它们来自一个国家的银行。

But acryptocurrency doesn"t have physical money.

但加密货币不是实物货币。

It"s purelydigital and is not controlled by banks or governments but by the people whohave it and very complex computer codes.

它是纯数字的,不受银行或政府控制,而是由拥有它的人以及非常复杂的计算机密码控制。

Perhaps themost well-known is Bitcoin.

也许最众所周知的是比特币。

Well, you seemto know a fair bit about cryptocurrency actually… anyway, now a new playeris joining the digital money system as Facebook have announced they arelaunching their own digital currency.

好吧,你似乎实际上对加密货币有一定的了解……无论如何,现在有一个新的加密货币加入了数字货币系统,Facebook宣布他们将推出自己的数字货币。

They arecalling it "Libra".

他们叫它"Libra"

And we"ll befinding a little bit more about this topic in the programme, but first, aquestion.

我们将在节目中发现更多关于这个话题的内容,但首先,有一个问题。

Now, Sam, youmentioned Bitcoin as being a well-known cryptocurrency.

萨姆,你提到比特币是一种众所周知的加密货币。

It was, infact, the first cryptocurrency, but when was Bitcoin created?

事实上,它是第一种加密货币。但比特币是什么时候诞生的呢?

Was it: a)2008, b) 2009, or c) 2010?

a) 2008年,b) 2009年,还是c) 2010年?

I"m going tosay 2010.

我会说的是2010年。

OK. Well, I"llreveal the answer later in the programme.

好的。好吧,稍后我将在节目中揭晓答案。

Now, JemimaKelly is a financial journalist.

杰迈玛·凯利是一名金融记者。

She was talkingon the BBC radio programme Money Box Live about the plans for Libra.

她在BBC广播节目Money Box Live上谈到了Libra的计划。

She says it"snot really a cryptocurrency because it"s actually backed up by a number of realcurrencies.

她说那并不是真正的加密货币,因为它实际上是由许多真实货币支持的。

So whichcurrencies does she mention?

那么她提到了哪些货币?

Acryptocurrency is normally subject to the whims of crypto markets, which arenotoriously volatile, whereas Libra is kept stable by being backed up by abasket of currencies, in this case, the dollar, the pound, the euro and theSwiss franc.

加密货币通常受加密市场的支配,加密市场因反复无常而众所周知,而Libra通过一系列货币的支持保持稳定,在这种情况下,那是指美元、英镑、欧元和瑞士法郎。

So whichcurrencies did she say were backing up Libra, Sam?

所以她说哪种货币支持Libra,萨姆?

She said thatthe dollar, the pound, the euro and Swiss franc were the currencies that wouldbe backing up Libra.

她说美元、英镑、欧元和瑞士法郎是支持Libra的货币。

And this isdifferent from regular cryptocurrencies, isn"t it?

而这与常规加密货币不同,不是吗?

Yes,cryptocurrencies are completely independent of financial institutions and othercurrencies.

是的,加密货币完全独立于金融机构和其它货币。

And this canmake them risky, can"t it?

这会让它们有风险,不是吗?

Yes, she saysthat cryptocurrency markets are notoriously volatile.

是的,她说加密货币市场因反复无常而众所周知。

Something thatis volatile can change very quickly.

反复无常的东西变化得很快。

When it comesto currency, it means that its value can go up or down by a large amount over avery short period of time.

就货币而言,它指的是货币价值可以在很短的时间内大幅度上升或下降。

And it"sdescribed as notoriously volatile because this has actually happened a fewtimes in the past.

它被形容为因反复无常而众所周知,因为这实际上在过去发生过几次。

Something thatis notorious is well known or famous but for a negative reason.

臭名昭著的事物就是众所周知的或著名的,但却是因为负面原因。

So the value ofa currency going up and down in a volatile way – that"s not positive.

所以货币价值上下浮动,反复无常,这不是积极的。

If you want totake the risk you could make a lot of money, but you could also lose a lot ofmoney - more than you invested.

如果你想冒这个险,你可以赚很多钱,但你也可能损失很多钱——比你投资的还多。

So why arecryptocurrencies so volatile?

所以为什么加密货币如此反复无常呢?

Most currenciesare reasonably stable.

大多数货币都相当稳定。

This is theopposite of volatile.

这是"反复无常"的反义词。

They don"tchange a lot over a short period of time.

它们不会在短时间内发生太大变化。

There can bebig changes but usually governments and banks control currencies to prevent it.

可能会有很大变化,但通常政府和银行会控制货币以防止这种情况。

Cryptocurrenciesdon"t have those controls.

加密货币没有那些控制。

What JemimaKelly said was that they are subject to the whims of the crypto markets.

杰迈玛·凯利说的是它们受加密市场的支配。

A whim is anunpredictable or irrational decision or trend and if you are subject to thewhims of something, or someone, it means that metaphorically you are apassenger in a self-driving car which may decide just to drive off the edge ofa cliff.

"突发的念头"是一种不可预测或非理性的决定或趋势,如果你受到某件事或某人的支配,这意味着,打个比方来说,你是自动驾驶汽车上的一名乘客,汽车可能决定要从悬崖边上开过去。

So it might bean exciting ride, but it could end in disaster.

因此它可能是一次令人兴奋的旅程,但也可能以灾难告终。

Right, it"stime now to get the answer to the question I asked at the beginning of theprogramme.

好了,现在是时候回答我在节目开始时问的问题了。

Bitcoin was thefirst cryptocurrency, but when was it created?

比特币是第一种加密货币,但它是什么时候诞生的呢?

Was it: a)2008, b) 2009, c) 2010?

a) 2008年,b) 2009年,c) 2010年?

I said 2010,but I"m not really sure.

我说的是2010年,但我不是很确定。

And you"reabsolutely wrong!

你完全错误!

The correctanswer is 2009, so no luck for you this time, but congratulations to everyonewho did get that right.

正确答案是2009年,所以这一次你运气不佳,但恭喜所有答对的人啊。

Well, anyway,let"s round off today with a review of today"s vocabulary.

好吧,不管怎样,让我们复习今天的词汇来结束今天的学习。

First off thereis cryptography which is the use of special codes to keep computer systems andcontent safe.

首先是"密码学",它使用特殊密码来保证计算机系统和内容的安全。

A currency isthe money of a particular country, for example in the UK we have thepound, in the US there"s the dollar and in many countries in Europe thecurrency is the euro.

"货币"是特定国家的钱,例如在英国是英镑,在美国是美元,在欧洲的许多国家其货币是欧元。

Cryptocurrencyis a combination of cryptography and currency, and it"s used for a finance system that is based onsecure digital coins that are not connected to banks or governments.

加密货币是密码学和货币的结合,它被用于一个金融系统,该系统基于安全数字货币,和银行或政府无关。

We then had theexpression subject to the whims of.

然后我们有了这个表达,"……支配"

Whims areunpredictable decisions, and if you are subject to them it means you can"tcontrol them, you have no choice but to go in the direction those whims lead.

突发的念头是无法预测的决定,而且如果你受它们支配,那就意味着你无法控制它们,你别无选择,只能顺着突发念头的方向走。

This means thatthe value of cryptocurrencies are notoriously volatile.

这意味着加密货币的价值反复无常,众所周知。

They have ahistory of going up or down in value by large amounts and very quickly.

货币价值有快速大幅上升或下降的历史。

And that"s notgood.

这并不好。

Well, it mightbe good if it goes up!

嗯,如果价值上升的话可能会很好!

True.

对。

But if you wantless risk, if you want your currency to be the opposite of volatile, ifyou want it, in other words, to be stable, then maybe cryptocurrencies are notfor you.

但如果你想低一点风险,如果你想让你的货币与反复无常相反,换句话说,如果你想让它稳定,那么加密货币可能不适合你。

Well, we aresubject to the whims of the schedule which means our 6 minutes are up.

嗯,我们要受时间表支配,也就是说我们的六分钟英语要结束了。

We look forwardto your company again soon.

我们期待你的下次参与。

Bye for now.

再见了。

Bye!

拜!

为什么听力无法提高?

原因有多种:

  • 听不懂(听力材料太难)
  • 两天打渔,三天晒网,不能坚持(绝大部分人都输在这一条上面)
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针对上面的问题:

  • BBC听力材料是对话题材,相对简单,一般水平都能听得懂
  • 可以练习,每天听写两到三个句子。

听力方法:

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  • 2. 对照文本听2遍,并查5-10个单词(先看英文版,再对照双语版)
  • 3. 盲听5遍以上。
  • 4. 留言处写下问题的答案以及听写的两至三个句子。

你留言,我给你上墙,留言格式:昵称+天数,e.g 爱酱-Day 4-C- I love bread

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