40个中国学生最生疏的英语用法,原来老外都这么玩...

来源:SOHU  [  作者:每日英文学习   ]  责编:张华  |  侵权/违法举报

原标题:40个中国学生最生疏的英语用法,原来老外都这么玩...

你知道老外平时遇见熟人是怎么客套的吗?和老外聊天用什么句子结束对话才不会尴尬?没听清对方提问是要怎么说才显得自然?今天小编就和大家分享一下课上没有,但老外都爱用的,酷酷的英语表达~

以下全是日常所见所闻,并且在国内未曾学习到的。

1. No problem!

在国内学到的是:

-Could you help me with xxx?

-No problem!

而在这边听到的往往是:

-Thank you!

-No problem.

有时甚至:

-Oh sorry!

-No problem!

2. Go by

在课堂自我介绍时,有时会说中文名,然后英文名。Instead of saying "My Chinese name is xxx, and my English name is xxx.", 你可以这样说:

-My name is xxx(你的原名), and I go by xxx(你的英文名).

一些美国学生不乐意用自己的原名,而偏好昵称,也可以用go by来表达:

-My name is Catherine, and I go by Cat.

3. Appreciate it!

每次从校车上下来时,大家都会礼貌地对司机表示感谢,有次看到四个小哥鱼贯而出,每个人表达感谢的语句都不同。除了常见的"Thank you very much!","Thanks a lot!"以外,我觉得最好听的就是“Appreciate it!"

4. Have a good one!

美国人很喜欢互相道好,无论认识不认识。每次和人再见的时候(可能是下班,结完账离开超市,下课等等),往往会对同事/收银员/老师/...说声"Have a good day/night"之类的。

有时下午5,6点,天还没黑,我总会把”Have a good night!"说成"Have a good day!",后来发现,还有种更简易的表达,日夜均可使用,即"Have a good one!",简单顺口,客套必备。

5.宾语前置

(知友@Scrummble指出应该是状语前置)

这是种B格很高的表达方式,在每张美元背面都有一句话"In God We Trust"(如下图)

此外有次等红灯时,看见前面一辆车的车牌上的Motto写的是"United We Stand",当时瞬间感受到这种句式的力量与B格。

6. Without further ado

这句在YouTube视频里经常听到,那些YouTubers在视频开头往往先介绍这个视频是干什么的,再顺便扯几句近期生活,然后在切入正题之前,有时会用这么一句"Without further ado, let"s get started."这句话的意思就类似于“废话少说,让我们开始吧。”

每次听到这句,我都会联想另一个四字常用词汇“原来如此”,真希望它在英文里也有完全对应的翻译,我就不用每次都将说了半句的“搜迪斯卡”咽下去了。。。

7. Figure

当想表达“我觉得/我认为/我猜”的时候,有个很好用的表达就是“I figure.."

-I figured you might wanna be alone for a while, so I didn"t bother you.

8. Petite/plus size/pale/fair/tan/dark

这几个都是形容外貌的,就放在一起说。

在形容人个子矮的时候,short可能不够委婉,一般说petite。

在形容人胖的时候,fat明显不够委婉,可以说plus size。

在形容肤色时,长得白和黑不是white和black(慎用!),而是pale/fair(形容白),tan/dark形容黑

9. Email常用礼貌用语

-I hope this email finds you well.用于开头。

-Any response will be appreciated.用于结尾,通常正文是找对方询问事情。

-Please feel free to let me know if there should be any question.用于句尾,通常正文是上交文件,材料,或者回答问题等。

-It would be great/the best if you could...这就是传说中比"Could you please..."还要更加委婉的请求式句型了。

10. I"m good.

这句可以用来回答How are you?此外,常用于:

-Do you want some chips with your sandwich?

-No, I"m good. Thanks.

-Do you have any questions?

-No, I"m good.

也可用作委婉拒绝。

-Do you wanna go to a strip club?

-I"m good.

11. Shoot

除了“射击”之意,还有以下日常用法:

-Whenever you need help, just shoot me an email. (比send更口语化)

-I"ve collected some negative comments on you.

-Shoot. (类似于Go ahead说吧)

-I was shooting for 100, but 98 is ok. (意为本想冲击100分)

-Oh shoot...(其实就是Oh s**t! 的委婉说法)

12. 结束对话用语

-I"ll leave you be. (类似于“打扰了”,“告辞了”,是在《纸牌屋》里看到Claire对一个白宫工作人员或是记者说的)

-As you were. (这句通常上司对下属讲完工作之后可能用到,是在《基本演绎法》里看到的)

13. Off the hook

意为“从麻烦脱身”,可以想象一条鱼脱离鱼钩的样子。

-He paid all the fines so he"s finally off the hook now.

-He"s off the hook, he doesn"t do drugs any more.

《绝望主妇》里面Bree问她儿子Andrew,现在年轻人还说"Awesome"吗?Andrew告诉她,他们现在都说"Off the hook",可见,这个词组也有Cool, awesome之意。

-That party was off the hook!

印象中《宋飞正传》里Jerry, Elaine和George有对off the hook和on the hook的一段讨论,但是在网上搜出来的似乎都是小黄网站,于是隐隐觉得似乎这个表达不是什么好表达了。。。

14. Hands down

有“绝对,毫无疑问”之意。可以这样联想,因为毫无疑问,所以不会举手提问,也就是hands down。

-My favorite TV show is hands down Friends.

15. Though

大家都熟悉though用于句首和句中表转折,但可能不太了解它放在句末的用法。

-Do you want me to get you a cup of coffee?

-No, I"m good. Thank you though. (意为不过还是)

另外一个用法是在Instagram上看到的,关注了一个账号整天推送搞笑短视频,内容都是人和动物摔倒啊,被砸啊,被吓到啊等等很囧的场面。然后这个账号经常配的文字就是以though结尾的语句,可以感觉到明显的讥讽意味。例如:

(一个男人被电梯整蛊吓得尖叫)

-That scream though. (重音在scream)

(一只狗打了一个喷嚏,然后全身狂抖)

-That sneeze though.(重音在sneeze)

16. Sure/Of course/Certainly

当时初中学英语的时候记得这三个词经常一起出现,表达“当然”,一直模模糊糊地认为他们是一个意思,后来慢慢地才了解到他们的用法的区别。

Sure一般用来表达欣然同意对方的提议,意为“好呀”:

-Can I give you a call?

-Sure!

-Would you like to get a cup of coffee or something?

-Sure!

而Of course则有“那当然了”,“不用多说”的意味在里面:

-There are, of course, exceptions to the rule.

-What do you do now?

-Still farming.

-Of course.

(此对话来自《唐顿庄园》里庄主Robert问他领地里的一位农民现在做些什么,农民回答还是做农活,并且一脸颓丧的样子,潜台词是“我还能做啥,还不是做做农活而已”,Robert听后稍愣了一下,大概觉得自己问的问题有点愚蠢,于是说了句Of course. 可见,如果问了一个本该知道答案的问题,对方回答后,你可以说这么一句Of course.)

Certainly则比较少见,在Google上查到它的使用频率也是渐渐下降:

不知道是不是一个渐渐淡出江湖的词汇。

17. 模糊语气

在表达“差不多”,“接近”,“...的样子” ,“之类的”等模糊的意思时,除了nearly, approximately, almost, kind of, sort of 等词汇外,更口语的说法还有or so, -ish, ...something等:

-He has worked in the company for a year and two months or so.

-After dinner I had 30 cherries or so.

-That movie was good-ish.(此人应该觉得电影并不怎么好看)

-That color is blue-ish.

-Let"s meet around 9-ish.

-30 books every twenty-something girl must read. (类似于知乎豆瓣经常出现的20多岁女孩的必读书单)

-Wanna a cup of water or something?

18. Sense

sense的意思非常多,有“...感”,“意思/意识”,“目的”等,无法和一个中文词汇完全对应。国内用到a sense of的标配经常是a sense of humor,其实可以使用的范围非常广。

-What is the sense of going out in the rain? (意为“目的”)

-The purpose of the meeting is to let you get a sense of how we work. (好难翻译!请意会)

-Does that make sense to you?(这句话很常见,通常在解释完某个复杂的事情或事物后,为了解对方是否听明白,会问这么一句,配以拧巴的眉头,微倾的头颅)

19. 没听懂对方的话时

听不懂或没听清对方的意思,这种状况常常发生,不论你是不是native speaker。除了Sorry? Excuse me? Could you repeat that? 以及英语课本里教的I beg your pardon? 可以用来要求对方再说一遍外,还可以这样告诉对方你没听清:

-!#%^*>??#^&

-Sorry, you lost me.

-#%^&^$(!_+?><

-Sorry, I didn"t follow.

20. A touch of

意为"一点儿", 但是不是比a little, a bit of听起来要更有画面感?

-"Chinese White Tie" means White Tie with a touch of China. (这是美国Vogue杂志主编Anna Wintour给记者解释刚过去的中国主题Met Gala的dress code的含义时用的原句。)

-I have a touch of flu and need some rest.(意为“轻微的”)

21. Shy of

意思类似于short of。

-He"s just shy of 6 feet. ("接近"6英尺=1.8288米)

《老友记》里面有次6人玩扑克牌,Ross加注的时候发现钱不够了,说了句"Joey, I"m a little shy here.",意思是钱不够了,想找Joey借钱,结果Joey傻了吧唧地拍了拍Ross肩膀,说有哥们儿在,不怕。还好Chandler听出了shy的第二层意思,掏出了钱包。

22. Dress up/down

Dress up可不是穿上衣服的意思,而是穿着正式的意思,相应的穿着随意则是dress down.

-You need to dress up for the dinner. But during the daytime, you can dress down as you like.

23. 又是几个对话常见表达,适用于特定场合。

24. At some point

这个表达非常好用,可以表示过去某时刻,也可以表示将来某时刻。

-At some point I decided she was no longer my friend. (表示之前某时刻)

-Do you want me to add that information in the document?

-No. But at some point we will need that. (表示将来某时刻,比in the future明显更适用)

25. Comfort

Comfort的意思大家都懂,就是舒服,舒适,爽。在国内的时候,我只知道俺家的沙发是comfortable的,而在老美的口语表达中,这个词可以使用的语境实在是多。

-You should make sure you are comfortable with the height every time you jump off. (这是楼主第一次去攀岩俱乐部玩抱石时,教练对我说的,comfortable在这里的意思更贴近于“没有不适,能接受”)

-If no support was provided, we should perform audit steps to obtain comfort that the item was appropriately included. (这里意译过来应该是“确保”,意思等同于make sure)

可见comfortable这种状态,不一定是躺在沙发上全身放松,还可以是生活工作中每一个细小的,让你呼吸平稳,心跳规律的状态。

26. Thing

除了“事物”之意外,在口语中还有以下常见用法:

-I think he has a thing for you. (就是中文里“他对你有意思”的意思)

-Being funny is Chandler"s thing and Ross"s thing is getting divorced. (来自《老友记》,这里thing不好翻译,可以理解为“某人最显著的特质”,即让别人想到你就联想起来的东西。)

27. Have/get your back

意为“罩着你”,“挺你”或者“有我在”。

-If you ever need help, just ask. You know I have your back.

-Just go ahead. Don"t worry. I got your back.

28. In the middle of nowhere

意为“荒郊野外”。

-Bree once dropped her teenage son in the middle of nowhere.

29. Walk through

虽然这个词组里有walk这个动词,但是通常和行走没有太大关系。可以理解为“过一遍”

-Could you walk me through the process so I can get a better understanding of your business?

30. 标点符号的说法

仔细想想我们还没有好好学习过标点符号的英语表达呢,那就一起总结一下吧!

, comma

. period

— dash (破折号,用法为句子A - 句子B,注意字符两边都有空格)

# pound (#有时候可作编号之意,比如“#1”为“编号1”, 而No.1则为“排名第一”)

/ slash

backslash

"" quote

[] {} brackets

*star

_ underscore

- hyphen (连字符,用法为word-word,组成一个新词,例如anti-discrimination,字符两边没有空格)

~ tilde

! exclamation point/mark

? question mark

" apostrophe

: colon

; semicolon

? bullet

numerator 分子

denominator 分母

(真是涨姿势啊!)

31. Doesn"t hurt to do something

意为“做什么事有好处/不会有坏处”。

-It does"t hurt to take a look of what you"ve done and see if it could be improved.

32. You might wanna/you don"t wanna

这可以是给别人建议做某事/别做某事时使用的短语。

-You might wanna have a cup of water at hand in case that food is too spicy.

-You don"t wanna call her in the middle of the night. You don"t know how grumpy she could be.

33. Can use some

意为“正需要”。

-After a long week, I can really use some rest.

-That shirt is too flashy.

-You can use some flash.

(来自《宋飞正传》)

34. At the end of the day

意为“到头来”,“到最后”,“最终”,并不是“一天的最后”。

-They all said they would help me, but at the end of the day nobody did.

35. The last thing I wanna do

可不是“最后一件想做的事”,而是“最不想做的事”。

-The last thing I wanna do is hurting your brother.

(来自《老友记》Rachel对Monica说她不会伤害Ross)

36. Be my guest

这个表达可不是邀请对方做客,而是在对方提出要做某件事的时候给出允许。

-Can I have the last piece of cake?

-Sure! Be my guest.

老友记里面有一集Monica和Rachel楼上的邻居把地毯撤掉了,各种噪声通过天花板传来听得一清二楚,Pheobe问她们怎么不上去和那人说,Monica表示那人太帅了,她没法开口。Phoebe不信,决定要上楼去教训下那个人。Monica和Pheobe之间有这样一段对话:

MONICA : He took up the carpets and now you can hear everything.

PHOEBE : Well, why don’t you go up there and ask him to just, like "step lightly, please"?

MONICA : I have, like five times, but they guy is so charming that I go up there to yell and then I end up apologizing to him.

PHOEBE : Ewww, that is ...(angrily) silly. I’ll go up there, I’ll tell him to keep it down.

MONICA : Alright. Be my guest.

37. Gut

直译过来是“肚子”,但在英语里面有“直觉”之意。

-I don"t know how to decide.

-Well, what does your gut tell you?

有时又指“胆量”

-I hate that guy! I want to punch him in the face!

-You don"t have the guts.

38. It works

这个表达在日常口语中实在太常见了。在国内时work往往指工作,但在英语中更像是说某件事“有效运行”。

-I don"t understand how polygamy works.

-We tried a new model and it worked!

39. Buy that

除了“买它”的直译外,还有“相信一个说法”的意思。来看例句理解吧:

-He said he didn"t do it but I don"t buy it.

-She told me she missed our date because she had to work.

-That"s so made up! I can"t believe you bought it.

40. Table

几个和table有关的表达:Bring to the table和On/Off the table。

Bring to the table指“带来的好处”:

-Do you have any advice for me on the interview?

-Just be yourself and talk what you can bring to the table with all the experience you have.

On the table指“考虑的”,相应的,Off the table指“不作考虑的”:

-The proposed new bill will soon be on the table in Parliament.

-We will take no options off the table to achieve that goal.

语言不仅是表达方式,更是思维方式。语言的学习真是终生的,也是每一天的。所以小伙伴们要养成积累学习的好习惯,上面的40个知识点一定要记在自己的小本本上哦~这样才能一点点见证自己英语的提高。

来源:知乎 作者:谢老珂

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