2021高考英语典题专项训练检测题含答案(三)

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原标题:2021高考英语典题专项训练检测题含答案(三)

2021高考英语"典题"专项训练(三)

text 1

Washington, D.C. Bicycle Tours

Cherry Blossom Bike Tour in Washington, D.C.

Duration Tour

This small group bike tour is a fantastic way to see a world-famous cherry trees with beautiful flowers of Washington, D.C. Your guide will provide a history lesson about the trees and the famous monuments where they blossom. Reserve your spot before availability — the cherry blossoms—disappear!

Washington Capital Monuments Bicycle Tour

Duration:3 hours (4 miles)

Join a guided bike tour and view some of the most popular monuments in Washington, D.C. Explore the monuments and memorials on the National Mall as your guide shares unique facts and history at each stop. Guided tour includes bike, helmet, cookies and bottled water.

Capital City Bike Tour In Washington, D.C.

Duration:3 hours

Morning or Afternoon, this bike tour is the perfect tour for D. C. newcomers and locals looking to experience Washington, D.C. in a healthy way with minimum effort. Knowledgeable guides will entertain you with the most ,interesting stories about Presidents, Congress, memorials, and parks. Comfortable bikes and a smooth tour route(路线)make cycling between the sites fun and relaxing.

Washington Capital Sites at Night Bicycle Tour

Duration:3 hours(7miles)

Join a small group bike tour for an evening of exploration in the heart of Washington, D.C. Get up close to the monuments and memorials as your bike the sites of Capitol Hill and the National Mall. Frequent stops are made for photo taking as your guide offers unique facts and history. Tour includes bike, helmet, and bottled water. All riders are equipped with reflective vests and safety lights.

1.Whichtour do you need to book in advance?

A. Cherry Blossom like Tour in Washington, D.C.

B. Washington capital Monuments Bicycle Tour.

C. Capital City Bike Tour in Washington, D.C.

D. Washington Capital Sites at Night Bicycle Tour.

2.What will you do on the Capital City Bike Tour?

A. Meet famous people. B. Go to a national park.

C. Visit well-known museums. D. Enjoy interesting stories.

3.Which of the following does the bicycle tour at night provide?

A. City maps.B. Cameras. C. Meals D. Safety lights

text 2

The morning after an evening struggle to care for my three-year-old daughter, I couldn"t wait to get her to school. I, as a mother, was tired of the anger and her inability to communicate because of her slowed language development.

As I accompanied her into the car, I felt desperate. Nothing was right with our world. She"d been born around the same time when the nation was witnessing the birth of another Great Recession. My job and my house had been victims. Then this happened. My child"s language delay was identified, but doctors struggled to properly help her. I felt like we both needed to be rescued.

I returned that afternoon as disenchanted with the little girl I loved as when I left. Walking slowly toward the school"s playground gate, I found her preschool teacher racing to greet me.

"You should have seen her today!"His breathy words were supported by excitement. I didn"t interrupt. "See that climber," He pointed to a wooden piece of playground equipment that looked like a rock wall. I nodded. "Well, every day since she started school, she"s tried and failed to make it to the top." He took a breath. "And today she did it!"

He expressed his joy just as he"d witnessed her conquering Mount Everest!"She cheered and celebrated! I wish I"d recorded it!" His words comforted me. My daughter had conquered her mountain.

As she ran toward me, I recognized something I hadn"t before. I saw her perseverance(毅力). I saw her strength. I saw a hero.

Everyday greatness celebrates ordinary people who do unusual things in big and small ways, showing courage, kindness, love and selflessness. We encourage you to click these brief accounts and invite you to share your own story.

4.Why did the author rush her daughter to school?

A.She was busy with her work as a doctor.

B.She had a fight with her daughter.

C.She broke down when dealing with her daughter.

D.She had to sell their house due to Great Recession.

5.Which of the following best explains"disenchanted" underlined in Paragraph 3?

A.Happy.B.Concerned.C.Careful.D.Disappointed.

6.Why did the little girl"s preschool teacher feel excited?

A.She succeeded in standing on Mount Everest.

B.She managed to climb up the wooden equipment.

C.She got first place in the school sports meet.

D.She began to communicate with others normally.

7.From which is the text most probably taken?

A.The radio.B.A magazine.C.A newspaper.D.The Internet.

text 3

The regular world presented to us by our five senses—you could call it reality 1.0—is not always the most user-friendly of places. We get lost in unfamiliar cities;we meet people whose language we don"t understand. So why not try the improved version: augmented reality (AR) or reality 2.0? AR technology adds computer-produced images (图像) on the real world via a mobile phone camera or special video glasses.

Early forms of AR are already here. With the right downloads, smartphones can deliver information about nearby ATMs, restaurants and other points of interest. But that"s just the beginning. A few years from now the quantity of information available will have increased hugely. You will not only see that there"s a Chinese restaurant on the next block, but you will be able to see the menu and read reviews of it.

This is where the next revolution in computing will take place: in the interface (界面) between the real world and the information brought to us via the Internet. Imagine bubbles floating before your eyes, filled with cool information about anything and everything that you see in front of you.

Let"s jump ahead to ten years from now. A person trying to fix his car won"t be reading a book with pictures;he will be wearing a device that projects animated 3D computer graphics onto the equipment under repair, labelling parts and giving step-by-step guidance.

The window onto the AR world can be a smartphone or special video glasses. But in ten years these will have been replaced by contact lenses (隐形眼镜) with tiny LEDs, which present something at a readable distance in front of the eye. So a deaf person wearing these lenses will be able to see what people are saying.

The question is, while we are all absorbed in our new augmented reality worlds, how will we be communicating with each other?

8.What does the text mainly talk about?

A.The next information technology revolution.

B.Early forms of augmented reality technology.

C.The differences between reality 1.0 and reality 2.0.

D.The relationship between people living in reality 2.0.

9.What does the underlined word "it" refer to in Paragraph 2?

A.The menu.B.The block.C.The revolution.D.The restaurant.

10.What are tiny LEDs used to do?

A.Protect people"s eyes.

B.Show text and images.

C.Warn users of dangers.

D.Replace video glasses.

11.What"s the author"s attitude towards AR technology?

A.Doubtful.B.Disapproving.C.Favourable.D.Ambiguous.

text 4

DNA analysis has revealed family relationships between more than 10 generations of Stone Age people at megalithic (巨石的) tombs in Ireland and Sweden.

The evidence suggests that megaliths, prehistoric large stone structures, sometimes acted as graves for family groups in northwestern Europe thousands of years ago. The latest findings throw new light on the origins and social structure of the groups that built megaliths in this region—a history that has long been hidden in mystery.

For their study, the international team of researchers analyzed the genomes—the complete set of genetic material in a cell—of 24 Stone Age individuals from five megalithic burial sites in Ireland, Scotland and Gotland, a large Swedish island in the Baltic Sea.

This analysis showed that many of the individuals buried at each megalith, who all lived between 3,800 B.C. and 2,600 B.C., according to radiocarbon-dating of their remains, were closely related via family ties.

The results also showed that the individuals buried at the megaliths were related to Neolithic farmers in northern and western Europe but genetically distinct from other hunter-gatherers. This was particularly noticeable at the Ansarve site on the island of Gotland.

"The people buried in the Ansarve tomb are remarkably different on a genetic level compared to the individuals dug out from hunter-gather contexts, showing that the burial tradition in this megalithic tomb, which lasted for over 700 years, was performed by distinct groups with roots in the European Neolithic expansion," Magdalena Fraser, co-first author from Uppsala University, said in the statement.

12. What"s the significance of the new findings?

A. It reveals the family ties between people in Ireland and Sweden.

B. It implies that many people buried in the tombs were closely related.

C. It indicates the long-hidden mystery concerning DNA analysis.

D. It suggests that the megaliths became tombs thousands of years ago.

13. How did the researchers reach their findings?

A. By interviewing individuals. B. By travelling to different regions.

C. By analyzing genes. D. By studying the burial sites.

14. Which is true according to the latest findings?

A. Some people buried in the tombs were related to farmers.

B. Few people buried in the tombs were genetically different.

C. All the people buried at megaliths had family relationships.

D. People buried in the Ansarve tomb were dug out 700 years later.

15. What"s the main idea of this passage?

A. Megaliths served as tombs thousands of years ago.

B. People buried at the megaliths were recently analyzed.

C. Latest findings shed light on a mystery about burials.

D. Stone-Age people in Ireland and Sweden had close ties.

text 5

第二节 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Imagine an area 34 times the size of Manhattan. Now imagine it covered ankle-deep in plastic waste—a total of about 19 billion pounds of garbage. _____16_______.

"We"re being overwhelmed (淹没) by our waste," said Jenna Jambeck, an environmental engineer who led the 2015 study that determined this astonishing number. ____17______, unless something is done to stop the tide of garbage.

Plastic—a widely-used material—has in many ways been a benefit to humans but it has also caused a growing problem. Today, plastics are the No.1 type of garbage found in the sea. Ocean Conservancy, a nonprofit that organizes an annual coastal cleanup event worldwide, said plastic waste makes up around 85 percent of the garbage collected from beaches and oceans.

Ocean Conservancy says plastics are believed to threaten at least 600 different wildlife species. ___18_____; a growing body of evidence suggests humans are consuming plastics through the seafood we eat. A research suggests some plastics could be poisonous to humans, and could potentially increase the risk of health problems.

____19_____. At the Economist World Ocean Summit this week, ten nations announced to reduce plastic sea litter as part of UN Environment"s CleanSeas campaign. ____20_____. Corporations also have a role, as do individuals. We can start by thinking twice before using single-use plastic products—and when we do use them, we should take care to properly throw them off or recycle.

A. The following is what we should do

B. And it"s not just wildlife that"s threatened

C. And this figure is likely to double by 2025

D. But it"s not just countries that need to do their part

E. By 2050, that figure is expected to rise to 1000 species

F. That"s how much plastic waste ends up in our oceans every year

G. All of us have an important role to play in dealing with the problems

text 6

读后续写 阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。

Laurie sat quietly in the empty dressing room. She had not competed since the accident. As she waited for her turn to skate, Laurie was very nervous. Today was very important in her comeback (复出). "If I can win today," she thought, "I can skate in the World Cup next year."

Before Laurie had her accident, everyone had said that she was the one to beat.

She thought back to that car accident where her right knee was badly injured. She spent six total months on recovery, treatment and practice because she hoped to regain her skill.

"Hello, Laurie," one of her friends burst in. "How"s the knee? Is it going to slow you down?"

"I guess we"ll find out tonight," Laurie said.

"There"s a girl named Jinny, strong in everything. She"s the only real competitor you have to beat," the friend said and hurried out.

Hearing that, Laurie decided to show her most difficult jump. "If I don"t try it, I won"t stand a chance," she thought. "Does anyone believe that I can still win?"

Suddenly her right knee sent pain up and down her leg. The doctor said it would do that for a while. "What makes you think you have a chance tonight?" she said to herself.

After the pain passed, she moved slowly to warm up. Then she said firmly, "I must win!"

At that moment, a young woman hurried in with a skate equipment bag. She put some of her belongings onto a chair. Her bag fell to the floor. "Hi, I"m Jinny Jordan," she said.

Laurie felt uncomfortable as she looked at Jinny. "So this is my competitor," thought Laurie. "Because of her, I may lose tonight."

"I"m Laurie Collins," Laurie told Jinny. "Something fell out of your bag, Jinny."

As Jinny began to gather her belongings, the door opened.

"Jinny," someone called, "your tape of music is missing. You are the next one! Laurie, after Jinny."

"Oh, my God! I thought I had handed it in hours ago, the green box with my name on," screamed Jinny, hurrying out.

注意:

1)所续写短文的词数应为150左右;

2)续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好;

Paragraph 1:

"Music is so important to the skating," Laurie said thoughtfully, doing some preparation alone in the dressing room.

___________________________________________________________________________

Paragraph 2:

Minutes later, Laurie glided to the centre of the stadium when her name was called.

___________________________________________________________________________

参考答案:

1-3ADD 4-7CDBD 8-11ADBC 12-15 BCAD 16-20FCBGD

"Music is so important to the skating," Laurie said thoughtfully, doing some preparation alone in the dressing room. Suddenly, she saw something under a chair. She bent over to pick it up. "Jinny"s green box" she exclaimed. "it must have rolled out of her bag." Laurie stood motionlessly, "if Jinny doesn"t have her music. She will lose She Is my only real competitor." Laurie shivered slightly as she thought about this. Then she wondered, "Do! really want to win so much?" Laurie hesitated for a second. Then she hurried out to give Jinny her music tape. Jinny was grateful to Laurie, and finished the skating successfully.

Paragraph 2:

Minutes later Laurie glided to the centre of the stadium when her name was called. Nervous as she was, she tried to skate in time with her music. Then she did her most difficult jump. "Good," she thought to herself, "my right knee"s holding up." As the music ended, applause filled the stadium. When the marks appeared, Laurie knew she achieved her goal. As she walked back to the dressing room, Laurie thought about Jinny"s music tape. No one will know how close I really came to losing," Laurie said softly to herself.

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