备战2021高考英语——说明文阅读及解题技巧及实战训练真题

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多读,多看,多背,不要弄太多的方法,找到适合自己的就行,我那时候是一天一篇英语作文,并且背一篇作文 祝你成功www.kj173.com防采集请勿采集本网。

什么样的高考英语作文才能得高分1、紧扣主题突出重点动笔之前,针对提示的文字或图片必须先认真审题,组织内容,构思提纲,理顺思路,切忌偏题,离题,东拉西扯,不得要领,一定要

实训一(2020年,新高考全国I 卷[山东])

导语:进入高三复习紧张阶段以后,对于那些英语较差的学生来说,马上感到和别的同学有较大的落差,所以在复习过程中很难适应高考的复习节奏,更加谈不上和老师的复习同步进

According to a recent study in the Journal of Consumer Research, both the size and consumption habits of our eating companions can influence our food intake. And contrary to existing research that says you should avoid eating with heavier people who order large portions(份), it"s the beanpoles with big appetites you really need to avoid.

而且都很权威 英汉双解 一个词包含所有短语的详细释义、例句、习语…… 这本词典当时上高中的时候老师也是强力推荐的 而且翻词典对于英语学习也是很有帮助的 然后建

To test the effect of social influence on eating habits, the researchers conducted two experiments. In the first, 95 undergraduate women were individually invited into a lab to ostensibly(表面上)participate in a study about movie viewership. Before the film began, each woman was asked to help herself to a snack. An actor hired by the researchers grabbed her food first. In her natural state, the actor weighed 105 pounds. But in half the cases she wore a specially designed fat suit which increased her weight to 180 pounds.

冠词,非限定动词,时态什么的,找那种分部分讲,而每部分之后都附带不少习题和详尽对选项解析的辅导书。 语法中重点考的是不定式、现在及过去分词、时态、从句。 英语周

Both the fat and thin versions of the actor took a large amount of food. The participants followed suit, taking more food than they normally would have. However, they took significantly more when the actor was thin.

阅读 1. 买一些真题来做一做。 2. 上课专心听讲,学习解题技巧。 英语听力 1.多做练习。 2.可以看一些英文电影(含有中文字幕)。 3.多听一听录音或者英文歌曲。 其实最重要

For the second test, in one case the thin actor took two pieces of candy from the snack bowls. In the other case, she took 30 pieces. The results were similar to the first test: the participants followed suit but took significantly more candy when the thin actor took 30 pieces.

听力在上课时注意老师的发音和磁带跟读 相信只要你用心,一定能学好的 冰叶幽兰  21:14:28 这个问题许多人问过我,如果想要快速有效的提高英语成绩,是要吃点苦的

The tests show that the social environment is extremely influential when we"re making decisions. If this fellow participant is going to eat more, so will I. Call it the "I"ll have what she"s having" effect. However, we"ll adjust the influence. If an overweight person is having a large portion, I"ll hold back a bit because I see the results of his eating habits. But if a thin person eats a lot, I"ll follow suit. If he can eat much and keep slim, why can"t I?

如果英语不好的话可以找老师补一补。 怎样备战高考 师兄传经送宝来了 编者按 2010年浙江高考网上报名工作本月20日已全面展开,高三学子也正在紧张的备考学习中,日

38.What is the recent study mainly about?

如果你的英语程度不好,可以背几个类型的例文,然后考试的时候适当的变化 如果英语程度还行,就可以背一些类型的结构,常用例句,比如转接词什么的 英语更好的人呢,也是要

A.Food safety. B.Movie viewership.

英语 多看多读,增加词汇量就OK 了

C.Consumer demand. D.Eating behavior.

英语答案(全)Module 1Unit 1自主训练(一)基础训练BAACD    ACADB   ABBAA拓展训练一 ADDDB   ABCDA   

39.What does the underlined word "beanpoles" in paragraph 1 refer to?

连续测试三次,恰好有一次通过,可看成3次独立重复试验,恰有1次发生, 则其概率为P=C13?13?(23)2=49. 故选:A.

A.Big eaters. B.Overweight persons.

解:连续测试三次,恰好有一次通过,可看成3次独立重复试验,恰有1次发生, 则其概率为P=C13?13?(23)2=49. 故选:A.

C.Picky eaters. D.Tall thin persons.

while the college entrance examination approach,many students feel tired about the study.we afraid that we'll fail so we prepare ourselves to meet the challengeas well as p

40.Why did the researchers hire the actor?

我们全校采用的是《百朗听力》,挺不错的。 还有一本是我们老师另外推荐我们做的:《维克多英语听力》

A.To see how she would affect the participants.

其实高考结束以后有很长一段时间可以利用 我觉得最重要的是不要把英语丢掉 英语一天不练习就会退步 而不是停滞 是退步 所以一定要每天都练习 如果有条件的话建议可以报

B.To test if the participants could recognize her.

C.To find out what she would do in the two tests.

D.To study why she could keep her weight down.

41.On what basis do we "adjust the influence" according to the last paragraph?

A.How hungry we are. B.How slim we want to be.

C.How we perceive others. D.How we feel about the food.

【答案】38.D 39.D 40.A 41.C

【解析】本文是说明文。最近的研究表明:我们的饮食伙伴的大小和消费习惯都会影响我们的食物摄入量。文章详述了这个实验的过程。

38.细节理解题。根据第一段中的"According to a recent study in the Journal of Consumer Research, both the size and consumption habits of our eating companions can influence our food intake"可知,根据消费者研究杂志最近的一项研究,我们的饮食伙伴的大小和消费习惯都会影响我们的食物摄入量。因此这项研究是关于饮食行为的。故选D。

39.词义猜测题。根据前半句"And contrary to existing research that says you should avoid eating with heavier people who order large portions(份)"可知,现有的研究认为:你应该避免和体重较重、点大份饭菜的人一起吃饭。后半句认为,你真正应该避免的是the beanpoles with big appetites。由contrary to可推断出,画线词和heavier people(超重的人)相反,结合选项,D选项(瘦瘦高高的人)正好和heavier people正好相反。故选D。

40.推理判断题。根据第二段的"To test the effect of social influence on eating habits, the researchers conducted two experiments"可知, 为了测试社会影响对饮食习惯的影响,研究人员进行了两个实验。根据倒数第三段的内容可知,在两个实验中,胖的和瘦的演员都吃了大量的食物。参与者也照做,吃的食物比平常多。 然而,当演员是瘦的时候,参与者们服用的食物更多。由此推断,研究人员雇用演员是为了看看她如何影响参与者。故选A。

41.推理判断题。根据最后一段中的"If an overweight person is having a large portion, I"ll hold back a bit because I see the results of his eating habits. But if a thin person eats a lot, I"ll follow suit. If he can eat much and keep slim, why can"t I? "可知,如果一个超重的人吃很大一份,我会忍住一点,因为我看到了他饮食习惯的结果。但如果一个瘦的人吃很多,我会跟着做。如果他吃得多保持苗条,为什么我不能呢? 因此推断我们是根据我们对他人的看法(即:如何看待他人)来调整影响的。故选C。

实训二(2020年,全国卷I)

The connection between people and plants has long been the subject of scientific research. Recent studies have found positive effects. A study conducted in Youngstown,Ohio,for example, discovered that greener areas of the city experienced less crime. In another,employees were shown to be 15% more productive when their workplaces were decorated with houseplants.

The engineers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology(MIT)have taken it a step further changing the actual composition of plants in order to get them to perform diverse,even unusual functions. These include plants that have sensors printed onto their leaves to show when they"re short of water and a plant that can detect harmful chemicals in groundwater. "We"re thinking about how we can engineer plants to replace functions of the things that we use every day,"explained Michael Strano, a professor of chemical engineering at MIT.

One of his latest projects has been to make plants glow(发光)in experiments using some common vegetables. Strano"s team found that they could create a faint light for three-and-a-half hours. The light,about one-thousandth of the amount needed to read by,is just a start. The technology, Strano said, could one day be used to light the rooms or even to turn trees into self-powered street lamps.

In the future,the team hopes to develop a version of the technology that can be sprayed onto plant leaves in a one-off treatment that would last the plant"s lifetime. The engineers are also trying to develop an on and off"switch"where the glow would fade when exposed to daylight.

Lighting accounts for about 7% of the total electricity consumed in the US. Since lighting is often far removed from the power source(电源)-such as the distance from a power plant to street lamps on a remote highway-a lot of energy is lost during transmission(传输).Glowing plants could reduce this distance and therefore help save energy.

42.What is the first paragraph mainly about?

A.A new study of different plants.

B.A big fall in crime rates.

C.Employees from various workplaces.

D.Benefits from green plants.

43.What is the function of the sensors printed on plant leaves by MIT engineer?

A.To detect plants" lack of water

B.To change compositions of plants

C.To make the life of plants longer.

D.To test chemicals in plants.

44.What can we expect of the glowing plants in the future?

A.They will speed up energy production.

B.They may transmit electricity to the home.

C.They might help reduce energy consumption.

D.They could take the place of power plants.

45.Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

A.Can we grow more glowing plants?

B.How do we live with glowing plants?

C.Could glowing plants replace lamps?

D.How are glowing plants made pollution-free?

【答案】42.D 43.A 44.C 45.

C

【解析】这是一篇说明文。文章主要说明了绿色植物对人们很有好处,因此麻省理工学院的工程师开发了一种发光植物。文章介绍了他们发明这种植物的过程,以及这种植物的一些优势,指出在未来发光植物有可能取代路灯,达到节约能源的作用。

42.主旨大意题。根据第一段中A study conducted in Youngstown, Ohio, for example ,discovered that greener areas of the city experienced less crime. In another, employees were shown to be 15% more productive when their workplaces were decorated with houseplants.可知例如,在俄亥俄州扬斯敦进行的一项研究发现,城市绿化较好的地区犯罪率较低。在另一项研究中,当员工的工作场所被室内植物装饰时,他们的工作效率会提高15%。由此可知,第一段的主旨是关于绿色植物的益处。故选D。

43.细节理解题。根据第二段中These include plants that have sensors printed on their leaves to show when they"re short of water and a plant that can detect harmful chemicals in groundwater.可知这就包括叶子上印有传感器来显示植物缺水的情况的植物,还有一种植物可以检测到地下水中的有害化学物质。由此可知,麻省理工学院工程师植物叶片上印上传感器的作用是检测植物缺水的情况。故选A。

44.细节理解题。根据最后一段中Glowing plants could reduce this distance and therefore help save energy.可知发光的植物可以缩短这段距离,从而帮助节约能源。由此可知,这种发光的植物在未来可能有助于减少能源消耗。故选C。

45.主旨大意题。根据最后一段中Lighting accounts for about 7%of the total electricity consumed in the US. Since lighting is often far removed from the power source-such as the distance from a power plant to street lamps on a remote highway-a lot of energy is lost during transmission. Glowing plants could reduce this distance and therefore help save energy.可知照明约占美国总耗电量的7%。由于照明通常远离电源,例如从发电厂到偏僻公路上路灯的距离,在传输过程中会损失大量能源。发光的植物可以缩短这段距离,从而帮助节约能源。结合文章主要说明了绿色植物对人们很有好处,因此麻省理工学院的工程师开发了一种发光植物,文章介绍了他们发明这种植物的过程,以及这种植物的一些优势,指出在未来发光植物有可能取代路灯,达到节约能源的作用。由此可知,C选项"发光的植物能取代路灯吗?"最符合文章标题。故选C。

实训三(2020年,全国卷II)

Some parents will buy any high-tech toy if they think it will help their child, but researchers said puzzles help children with math-related skills.

Psychologist Susan Levine, an expert on mathematics development in young children the University of Chicago, found children who play with puzzles between ages 2 and 4 later develop better spatial skills. Puzzle play was found to be a significant predictor of cognition(认知) after controlling for differences in parents" income, education and the amount of parent talk, Levine said.

The researchers analyzed video recordings of 53 child-parent pairs during everyday activities at home and found children who play with puzzles between 26 and 46 months of age have better spatial skills when assessed at 54 months of age.

"The children who played with puzzles performed better than those who did not, on tasks that assessed their ability to rotate(旋转)and translate shapes," Levine said in a statement.

The parents were asked to interact with their children as they normally would, and about half of children in the study played with puzzles at one time. Higher-income parents tended to have children play with puzzles more frequently, and both boys and girls who played with puzzles had better spatial skills. However, boys tended to play with more complex puzzles than girls, and the parents of boys provided more spatial language and were more active during puzzle play than parents of girls.

The findings were published in the journal Developmental Science.

54.In which aspect do children benefit from puzzle play?

A.Building confidence. B.Developing spatial skills.

C.Learning self-control. D.Gaining high-tech knowledge.

55.What did Levine take into consideration when designing her experiment?

A.Parents" age. B.Children"s imagination.

C.Parents" education. D.Child-parent relationship.

56.How do boy differ from girls in puzzle play?

A.They play with puzzles more often.

B.They tend to talk less during the game.

C.They prefer to use more spatial language.

D.They are likely to play with tougher puzzles.

57.What is the text mainly about?

A.A mathematical method. B.A scientific study.

C.A woman psychologist D.A teaching program.

【答案】54.B 55.C 56.D 57.B

【解析】本文是说明文。是关于孩子们玩智力游戏的研究,介绍了研究考虑的因素,研究过程和结果。

54.细节理解题。根据第二段中…found children who play with puzzles between ages 2 and 4 develop better spatial skill(在2岁到4岁之间玩智力游戏的儿童在空间能力方面更好)可知,孩子们可以从智力游戏中发展更好的空间技能。B. Developing spatial skills(发展空间能力)符合以上说法,故选B项。

55.细节理解题。根据第二段中Puzzle play was found to be a significant predictor of cognition after controlling for difference in parents" income, education and the amount of parent talk, Levine said.( Levine说,在父母的收入、教育和父母谈话次数方面控制差异性之后,拼图游戏被发现是一个重要的认知预测)可知Levine在设计这个试验时考虑了父母的收入、教育程度和父母谈话的次数。C. Parents" education.(父母的教育)符合以上说法,故选C项。

56.细节理解题。根据倒数第二段中However, boys tended to play with more complex puzzles than girls,可知男孩比女孩更喜欢玩复杂的谜题,即他们可能会玩难度更大的谜题。D. They are likely to play with tougher puzzles.(他们有可能玩更复杂的谜题)符合以上说法,故选D项。

57.主旨大意题。本文是关于孩子们玩智力游戏的研究,介绍了研究考虑的因素,研究过程和结果。所以是关于科学研究的。B. A scientific study(一项科学研究)符合以上说法,故选B项。

实训四(2020年,全国卷III)

We are the products of evolution, and not just evolution that occurred billions of years ago. As scientists look deeper into our genes (基因), they are finding examples of human evolution in just the past few thousand years. People in Ethiopian highlands have adapted to living at high altitudes. Cattle -raising people in East Africa and northern Europe have gained a mutation (突变) that helps them digest milk as adults.

On Thursday in an article published in Cell, a team of researchers reported a new kind of adaptation - not to air or to food, but to the ocean. A group of sea-dwelling people in Southeast Asia have evolved into better divers. The Bajau, as these people are known, number in the hundreds of thousands in Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines. They have traditionally lived on houseboats; in recent times, they"ve also built houses on stilts (支柱) in coastal waters. "They are simply a stranger to the land," said Redney C.Jubilado, a University of Hawaii researcher who studies the Bajau.

Dr. Jubilado first met the Bajau while growing up on Samal Island in the Philippines. They made a living as divers, spearfishing or harvesting shellfish. "We were so amazed that they could stay underwater much longer than us local islanders," Dr. Jubilado said. "I could see them actually walking under the sea."

In2015, Melissa Ilardo, then a graduate student in genetics at the University of Copenhagen, heard about the Bajau. She wondered if centuries of diving could have led to the evolution of physical characteristics that made the task easier for them. "it seemed like the perfect chance for natural selection to act on a population," said Dr. Ilardo. She also said there were likely a number of other genes that help the Bajau dive.

62.What does the author want to tell us by the examples in paragraph 1?

A.Environmental adaptation of cattle raisers. B.New knowledge of human evolution.

C.Recent findings of human origin. D.Significance of food selection.

63.Where do the Bajau build their houses?

A.In valleys. B.Near rivers. C.On the beach. D.Off the coast.

64.Why was the young Jubilado astonished at the Bajau?

A.They could walk on stilts all day. B.They had a superb way of fishing.

C.They could stay long underwater. D.They lived on both land and water.

65.What can be a suitable title for the text?

A.Bodies Remodeled for a Life at Sea B.Highlanders" Survival Skills

C.Basic Methods of Genetic Research D.The World"s Best Divers

【答案】62.B 63.D 64.C 65.A

【解析】这是一篇说明文。最近一项对人类基因的研究发现,人类的进化不仅仅发生在数十亿年前,而且最近几千年也有。Bajau人因为靠海为生,他们的身体已经进化成更能适应海洋生活。

62.推理判断题。根据第一段的we are the products of evolution, and not just evolution that occurred billions of years ago. As scientists look deeper into our genes, they are finding examples of human evolution in just the past few thousand years.(我们是进化的产物,而且不仅仅是数十亿年前的产物。当科学家更深入的研究我们的基因时,他们发现了人类在过去几千年进化的例子)可知,作者列举第一段的例子是为了告诉我们关于人类进化的一个新信息,那就是人类在最近几千年也在进化。B. New knowledge of human evolution.(人类进化的新知识)符合以上说法,故选B项。

63.细节理解题。根据第二段的The Bajau, as these people are known, number in hundreds of thousands in Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines. They have traditionally live on houseboats; in recent times, they"ve also built houses on stilts in coastal waters.(这些人被称为Bajau,在印度尼西亚、马来西亚和菲律宾有数十万人。他们一直住在船屋上;最近他们也把房子建在沿海水域的吊脚楼上)可知,Bajau把房子建在沿海区域。D. Off the coast.(沿海)符合以上说法,故选D项。

64.细节理解题。根据第三段的we were so amazed that they could stay underwater much longer than us local islanders.(我们很惊讶,他们在水下待的时间比我们当地的岛民要长的多)可知,让Jubilado感到吃惊的是Bajau人能在水下待更长的时间。C. They could stay long underwater. (他们能在水下待很长时间)符合以上说法,故选C项。

65.主旨大意题。根据文章的主要内容,尤其是第二段的On Thursday in an article published in Cell, a team of researchers reported a new kind of adaption-not to air or to food, but to the ocean.(周四,在《细胞》杂志上发表的一篇文章中,一群研究人员报道了一种新的适应——不是空气也不是食物,而是海洋)可知,本文主要讲述了一种新的进化,即长期生活在海边,靠海为生的生活方式,让Bajau人的身体进化成更适应海洋生活。A. Bodies Remodeled for a Life at Sea.(身体为适应海洋生活而重塑)可以作为本文标题,故选A项。

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完型在语法知识之外,考自己的语言感觉比较多。如果不想多背多记,就需要通过做题来学习了,把题目做完以后对答案,错了的都要弄明白是哪里错了,做好笔记,以后复习时用。 高考的阅读仍然是在原文内找答案的比较多,这个时候需要你能够快速定位关键词句。我的做题方法是迅速地把文章浏览完,只需要看明白大意即可,然后立刻看题,根据题目和刚才看文章的印象定位答案的位置,找到以后填上即可。阅读的题目顺序也基本上是按照文章行文顺序来的,所以有些题找不到的时候可以根据前后的题目的原文位置定位(一般就在那两个题的原文中间)。 作文,说白了高考作文就那么几个类型!!!不要你背范文,但是要求你多看看试卷上的参考答案之类,看答案是怎么写的,留心作文结构和比较不错的表达方式,看多了心里就有谱了。另外,最好还是把每种作文类型背一个结构框架,把关键性的结构词句背下来,绝对事半功倍,而且省得上考场了临时想搭配。 我前年高考的,英语145,以上是我的亲身经验,希望能对你有所帮助,呵呵~内容来自www.kj173.com请勿采集。

www.kj173.com true http://www.kj173.com/seduzx/467535/432664272.html report 23543 为您提供全方面的备战2021高考英语——说明文阅读及解题技巧及实战训练真题相关信息,根据用户需求提供备战2021高考英语——说明文阅读及解题技巧及实战训练真题最新最全信息,解决用户的备战2021高考英语——说明文阅读及解题技巧及实战训练真题需求,原标题:备战2021高考英语——说明文阅读及解题技巧及实战训练真题实训一(2020年,新高考全国I卷[山东])AccordingtoarecentstudyintheJournalofConsumerResearch,boththesizeandconsumptionhabitsofoureatingcompanionscaninfluenceourfoodintake.Andcontraryto
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