英语虚拟语气详解 ! 9张图就搞定

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虚拟语2113气一、考点聚焦 1、虚拟语气用于条件状语5261从句中 (1)表示与4102现在事实相反的假设1653,条件状语从句中的谓语动词用“过去式(be动词的过去式用were)”,而主句中的谓语动词用“would / should/ could / might + 动词原形”。如:If I were a boy, I would join the army.If the had time, she should go with you.(2)表示与过去的事实相反,条件状语从句中的谓语动词用过去完成时,主句中的谓语动词则用“would / should / might / could + have +过去分词”。如:If he had taken my advice, he would have succeeded in the competition.(3)表示与将来事实相反,条件状语从句中的谓语动词一般过去时或should(were to) + 动词原形,而主句中的谓语动词则用would / should/could might + 动词原形。如;If it were to rain tomorrow, the football match would be put off.(4)当条件状语从句表示的行为和主句表示的行为所发生的时间不一致时,动词的形式要根据它所表示的时间作相应调整。如:If they had worked hard, they would be very tired.(从句说的是过去,主句指的是现在)以下表格是虚拟语气用于条件状语从句中时,主句和从句谓语动词的形式:条件状语从句主 句与过去事实相反had + 过去分词should /would/could/might + have + 过去分词与现在事实相反一般过去时(be用were)would/should/could/might + 动词原形与将来事实相反一般过去时或should(were to) + 动词原形Would/should/cold/might + 动词原形有时侯在使用时可省略if,句子则可换成下列形式,即“were / had / should +主语”。如:Were I a boy, I would join the army.Had he taken my advice, he would have succeeded.Were it not for the expense, I would go to Britain.2、虚拟语气用于名词性从句(1)虚拟语气在宾语从句中的运用。①“wish + 宾语从句”表示不能实现的愿望,译为“要是……就好了”等。表示现在不能实现的愿望,从句中的谓语动词用一般过去时;表示将来不能实现的愿望,从句中的谓语动词用“would/could + 动词原形”;表示过去不能实现的愿望,从句中的谓语动词用“had + 过去分词”或“could(should) + have + 过去分词”。如:I wish it were spring all the year round.I wish I had known the answer.I wish I could fly like a bird.②在表示建议、要求、命令等的动词suggest、advise、propose、demand、require、insist request、command、order等后的宾语从句中,谓语动词用should + 动词原形或是动词原形。如:She suggested we (should)leave here at once.The doctor ordered she should be operated.(2)虚拟语气在同位语从句和表语从句中的运用。作表示建议、要求、命令等的名词advise、idea、order、demand、plan、proposal、suggestion、request等的表语从句和同位语从句,从句中的谓语动词用“(should) + 动词原形”。如:His suggestion that we (should)go to Shanghai is wonderful.My idea is that they (should)pay 100 dollars.(3)虚拟语气在主语从句中的运用。在主语从句中,谓语动词的虚拟语气用“should + 动词原形”的结构,表示惊奇、不相信、理应如此等。如:It is necessary(important, natural, strange, etc.)that we should clean the room every day.It was a pity (a shame, no wonder, etc.)that you should be so careless.It will be desired(suggested, decided, ordered, requested, proposed, etc.)that she should finish her homework this afternoon.注意:这种从句表示的是事实。如果说人对这种事实表现出惊奇的情感,就可用虚拟语气。反之,如果不表示惊奇等情感,that从句也可用陈述句语气。如:It is pity that you can’t swim.3、虚拟语气在其他场合的运用(1)虚拟语气在as if/as though、even if/even though等引导的表语从句或状语从句中,如果从句表示的动作发生在过去,用过去完成时;指现在状况,则用一般过去时;指将来状况则用过去将来时。如:He did it as if he were an expert.Even if she were here, she could not solve the problem.(2)虚拟语气用于定语从句中。这种从句常用于句型“It is (high)time (that) … ”中,定语从句的谓语动词用一般过去时(be用were)或should + 动词原形,意思是“(现在)该……”。如:It’s time that I picked up my daughter.It’s high time we were going.(3)虚拟语气用在if only引导的感叹句中。如:If only I were a bird.If only I had taken his advice.(4)虚拟语气在一些简单句中的运用。①情态动词的过去式用于现在时态时,表示说话人谦虚、客气、有礼貌或语气委婉,常出现在日常会话中。如:It would be better for you not to stay up too late.Would you be kind enough to close the door?②用于一些习惯表达法中。如:Would you like a cup of tea?I would rather not tell you.追问请问“错综虚拟语气”?,对过去的2113虚拟:if +过去完成时,would have done对现在的虚5261拟:if +过去时,would do对将来的虚拟:1 if +were to do,would /should do 2 if +should do, would/should do 3 if +一般4102过去式,would/should do还有错综虚拟语1653气,即主句和条件句时态不与上述情况对应由if only(wish as if would rather....)对客观事实的虚拟,谓语用过去式;对过去的虚拟,用过去完成时www.kj173.com防采集请勿采集本网。

英语虚拟语气详解 ! 9张图就搞定赶紧收藏学习吧

★ 高考英语虚拟语气专题讲座★ ★ ★ ★ 语气是一种动词形式,用以表示说话者的意图或态度。英语中有三种语气:陈述语气,疑问语气,虚拟语气。 虚拟语气定义:虚拟语气表示所说的话只是一种主观愿望、假设或建议等。 虚拟语气的学习重点: 1. 虚拟

英语虚拟语气详解 ! 9张图就搞定赶紧收藏学习吧

★ 高考英语虚拟语气专题讲座★ ★ ★ ★ 语气是一种动词形式,用以表示说话者的意图或态度。英语中有三种语气:陈述语气,疑问语气,虚拟语气。 虚拟语气定义:虚拟语气表示所说的话只是一种主观愿望、假设或建议等。 虚拟语气的学习重点: 1. 虚拟

英语虚拟语气详解 ! 9张图就搞定赶紧收藏学习吧

★ 高考英语虚拟语气专题讲座★ ★ ★ ★ 语气是一种动词形式,用以表示说话者的意图或态度。英语中有三种语气:陈述语气,疑问语气,虚拟语气。 虚拟语气定义:虚拟语气表示所说的话只是一种主观愿望、假设或建议等。 虚拟语气的学习重点: 1. 虚拟

英语虚拟语气详解 ! 9张图就搞定赶紧收藏学习吧

★ 高考英语虚拟语气专题讲座★ ★ ★ ★ 语气是一种动词形式,用以表示说话者的意图或态度。英语中有三种语气:陈述语气,疑问语气,虚拟语气。 虚拟语气定义:虚拟语气表示所说的话只是一种主观愿望、假设或建议等。 虚拟语气的学习重点: 1. 虚拟

英语虚拟语气详解 ! 9张图就搞定赶紧收藏学习吧

★ 高考英语虚拟语气专题讲座★ ★ ★ ★ 语气是一种动词形式,用以表示说话者的意图或态度。英语中有三种语气:陈述语气,疑问语气,虚拟语气。 虚拟语气定义:虚拟语气表示所说的话只是一种主观愿望、假设或建议等。 虚拟语气的学习重点: 1. 虚拟

英语虚拟语气详解 ! 9张图就搞定赶紧收藏学习吧

★ 高考英语虚拟语气专题讲座★ ★ ★ ★ 语气是一种动词形式,用以表示说话者的意图或态度。英语中有三种语气:陈述语气,疑问语气,虚拟语气。 虚拟语气定义:虚拟语气表示所说的话只是一种主观愿望、假设或建议等。 虚拟语气的学习重点: 1. 虚拟

英语虚拟语气详解 ! 9张图就搞定赶紧收藏学习吧

★ 高考英语虚拟语气专题讲座★ ★ ★ ★ 语气是一种动词形式,用以表示说话者的意图或态度。英语中有三种语气:陈述语气,疑问语气,虚拟语气。 虚拟语气定义:虚拟语气表示所说的话只是一种主观愿望、假设或建议等。 虚拟语气的学习重点: 1. 虚拟

英语虚拟语气详解 ! 9张图就搞定赶紧收藏学习吧

★ 高考英语虚拟语气专题讲座★ ★ ★ ★ 语气是一种动词形式,用以表示说话者的意图或态度。英语中有三种语气:陈述语气,疑问语气,虚拟语气。 虚拟语气定义:虚拟语气表示所说的话只是一种主观愿望、假设或建议等。 虚拟语气的学习重点: 1. 虚拟

1、真实条件状语从句与2113非真实5261条件状语从句 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ eg . If he doesn’t hurry up, he will miss the bus. 如果他不快点,他将4102错过巴士。( 真实条件状语1653)(不是虚拟语气) If he is free, he will ask me to tell stories. 如果他是空闲的,他会要求我讲故事。(真实条件状语)(不是虚拟语气) If I were you, I would go at once.如果我是你,我马上就会去。 (非真实条件状语从句) If there were no air, people would die. 如果没有空气,人就会死亡。(非真实条件状语从句)2、用法及动词形式 1、表示与现在事实相反的情况: if+主语+过去时+其他+主语+should/would/could/might+do+其他 例: 1.If I were you, I would take an umbrella.如果我是你,我会带把伞。(事实:我不可能是你) 2.If I knew his telephone number, I would tell you. 如果我知道他的电话号码,我就会告诉你。(事实:不知道) 3.If there were no air or water, there would be no living things on the earth. 如果没有水和空气,地球上就不会有生物。(事实:地球上既有空气也有水) 4.If I had any money with me, I could lend you some. 如果我带钱了,我就会借给你些。(事实:没带钱) 5.If he studied harder, he might pass the exam.如果他再努力些,就能通过考试了。(事实:学习不用功) 2、表示与过去事实相反的情况 if+主语+had done +其他+主语+should/would/could/might+have done+其他 例: 1. If I had got there earlier, I should/could have met her. 如果我早到那儿,我就会见到她。(事实:去晚了) 2.If he had taken my advice, he would not have made such a mistake. 如果他听我的劝告的话,就不会犯这样的错误了。(事实:没有听我的话) 3、表示对将来情况的主观推测 ①if+主语+did/should/were to do+sth.+主语+should/would/could/might+do+其他 ② if+主语+did/be(were)+sth.+主语 +should/would/could/might+do+其他 ③if+主语+should+do+sth.+主语 +should/would/could/might+do+其他 例: 1.If he should come here tomorrow, I should/would talk to him. 如果他哪天来这儿的话,我就跟他谈谈。 (事实:来的可能性很小) 2.If there were a heavy snow next Sunday, we would not go skating. 如果下周日下大雪,我们就不能去滑冰了。(事实:不知能否下雪) 3.If she were to be there next Monday, I would tell her about the matter. 如果她下周一来这儿的话,我就会告诉她这件事的始末。 在表示建议、命令、要求等含义的宾语从句,谓语动词常用虚拟语气,"should+动词原形"构成,should 可省略。 4、 有时,虚拟条件句中,结果主句和条件从句的谓语动作若不是同时发生时,虚拟语气的形式应作相应的调整。 ①从句的动作与过去事实相反,而主句的动作与现在或现在正在发生的事实不符。如: If I had worked hard at school, I would be an engineer, too. 如果我在学校学习刻苦的话,我现在也会成为一个工程师了 If they had informed us, we would not come here now. 如果他们通知过我们的话,我们现在就不会来这里了。 ②从句的动作与现在事实相反,而主句的动作与过去事实不符。如: If he were free today, we would have sent him to Beijing. 如果他今天有空的话,我们会已经派他去北京了。 If he knew her, he would have greeted her. 要是他认识她的话,他肯定会去问候她了。 ③从句的动作与过去发生的情况相反,而主句的动作与现在正在发生的情况相反。如: If it had not been raining too much, the crops would be growing much better. 如果天不下太多的雨的话,庄家会长得更好。 If he had been working hard, he would be working in the office now. 要是他工作一直努力的话,他现在已进了办公室了。 5、 当虚拟条件句的谓语动词含有were, should, had时,if可以省略,这时条件从句要用倒装语序,即将were, should, had等词置于句首,这种多用于书面语。如: Should he agree to go there, we would send him there. 要是他答应去的话,我们就派他去。 Were she here, she would agree with us. 如果她在这儿的话,她会同意我们的。 Had he learnt about computers, we would have hired him to work here. 如果她懂一些电脑知识的话,我们会已经聘用他来这里工作了。 6、非真实条件句中的条件从句有时不表达出来,只暗含在副词、介词短语、上下文或其他方式表示出来,这种句子叫做含蓄条件句,在多数情况下,条件会暗含在短语中,如without…., but for….等 But for his help, we would be working now. 要不是他的帮助,我们还会在工作呢。 Without your instruction, I would not have made such great progress. 要是没有你的指导,我不会取得如此大的进步。 We didn’t know his telephone number; otherwise we would have telephoned him. 我们不知道他的电话号码,否则我们就会给他打电话。 7、 有时,虚拟条件句中,主、从句可以省略其中的一个,来表示说话人的一种强烈的感情。 ①省略从句 He would have finished it. 他本该完成了。 You could have passed this exam. 你应该会通过这次考试了。 ②省略主句 If I were at home now. 要是我现在在家里该多好啊。 If only I had got it. 要是我得到它了该多好啊。、编辑本段虚拟语气(Subjective Mood)的其他用法1、虚拟语气用在wish 后的宾语从句 a、表示与现在事实相反的愿望,谓语动词用过去式 eg. I wish I had your brains.我希望我有你那样的头脑。(事实:我根本比不上你) b、表示与过去事实相反的愿望,谓语动词:had+done(动词过去分词) eg:.I wish I had known the truth of the matter.我希望我原来知道这件事的真相。(事实:原来不知道) c、表示将来难以实现的愿望 谓语动词:should/would + 动词原形 eg. I wish I should have a chance again.我希望我还能有一次这样的机会。(事实:很难再有这样的机会了) (注:if only和as if/as though也有相同用法)2、虚拟语气用在目的状语从句中 1.在for fear that, in case, lest引导的,若用虚拟语气时,从句谓语为:should + 动词原形。并且 should不能省略 She examined the door again for fear that a thief should come in. 她又把门检查了一遍,以防盗贼的进入。 He started out earlier lest he should be late. 他很早就出发了以防迟到。 2、在so that, in order that所引导的目的状语从句中,从句中的谓语为:can / may / could / might / will / would / should + 动词原形。 He goes closer to the speaker so that he can hear him clearer. 他走近说话的人以便能挺得更清楚。 He read the letter carefully in order that he should not miss a word. 他把信读得很仔细以便不漏掉一个单词。3、虚拟语气的其他用法 1、一想要(desire)二宁愿(prefer)三命令(order. command)四建议(advise. suggest. propose)五要求(demand. require. request. desire.insist)中,无论主句谓语动词为何种时态,从句的谓语动词都用:“should + 动词原形”或只用“动词原形”。 如 He suggested that we (should) take the teacher’s advice He insisted that we (should) take the teacher’s advice He demand that we (should) take the teacher’s advice He ordered that we (should) take the teacher’s advice 注:insist如果翻译成坚持某种动作才用虚拟语气翻译成坚持某种观点就不用虚拟语气。 如:He insist he is a student. 他坚持说他是个学生。 这个语句表示的是事实,因此在这个语句中不能使用虚拟语气。 suggest意为“建议”才用虚拟语气,意为“暗示”则不用虚拟语气。 如: His face suggests that he looks worried .他的表情暗含着他很担心。 这个句子本身是事实,因此它就没有用到虚拟语气。 ③表情绪.观点的形容词或名词也要用虚拟语气.如:necessary. important. impossible. natural. strange. surprising. funny. right. wrong. better. a pity等。 句型:It is.......that 结构后的主语从句,从句的谓语动词都要用 should+原型 或只用动词原型。 ④虚拟语气在方式状语从句的应用。详百度百科之方式状语从句词条。 2、 在even if, even though 所引导的让步状语从句中,可用虚拟语气,主句、从句的结构与if所引导的条件从句结构相同。如: Even if he were here himself, he should not know what to do. 即使他亲自来也不知该怎么办。 Nobody could save him even though Hua Tuo should come here. 即使华佗在世也救不了他。 3、 在whatever,whichever,whenever,whoever, wherever,however, no matter wh-word 等引导的让步状语从句中,从句虚拟语气结构为: ① may +动词原形(指现在或将来)。如: We will finish it on time no matter what / whatever may happen. 不管发生什么事,我们都要按时完成。 We will find him wherever / no matter where he may be. 无论他在哪里,我们都要找到他。 I will wait for him no matter how late he may come. 不管他来的多么晚,我都会等他。 ② may +完成式(指过去) ,主句结构不限。如: You mustn’t be proud whatever / no matter what great progress you may have made. 不管你取得了多么大的进步,你也不能骄傲 We must respect him no matter what / whatever mistakes he may have made. 不管他犯过什么错误,我们必须尊敬他。 4、一般would rather, had rather, would sooner等之后的宾语从句常表示与客观事实不相符的一种愿望,故使用虚拟语气。其虚拟语气的结构为: 表示所发生的时间虚拟语气结构 过去 had + 过去分词; 现在 过去时(be 用were ) 将来 过去时(be 用were ) 如:I’d rather you had seen the film yesterday. 我倒想你昨天看过了这场电影。 I’d rather you were here now. 我倒想你现在在这儿。 We’d rather you went here tomorrow. 我们倒想你明天去那儿 5、虚拟语气还可用在定语从句中,表示:“早该做某事了”时,定语从句中的谓语动词须用虚拟语气,其虚拟语气的结构为:It is (high / about) time that + 主语+ 动词的过去式/ should + 动词原形,即从句用虚拟过去式。 如It is time that I went to pick up my daughter at school. 我该去学校接我的女儿了。 It is high time you should go to work. 你早该上班了。 6、 简单句中的虚拟语气 (1) 说话时,为了表示客气、谦虚、委婉而有礼貌,言语常使用虚拟语气。其虚拟语气的结构形式常为:would / could / might / should + 原形动词。如: Would you mind my shutting the door? 我把门关起来你介意吗? You should always learn this lesson by heart. 你要把这个教训牢记于心。 I should agree with you. 我应该同意你的观点。 (2) 表示“祝愿”时,常用“may + 主语+ 动词原形+ 其他”。如: May you have a good journey! 祝你一路顺风。 May your youth last for ever! 祝你青春永驻。 (3)表示强烈的“愿望”、“祝愿”时,常用动词原形。如: Long live the Communist Party of China. 中国共产党万岁。 God bless us. 上帝保佑。 (4) 习惯表达中常用的虚拟语气。 (1) 提出请求或邀请。如: Would you like to have a talk with us this evening? 今天晚上来跟我们聊天好吗? Could I use your bike now? 我可以用一下你的单车吗? (2) 陈述自己的观点或看法。如: I should glad to meet you. 见到你我会很高兴。 I would try my best to help you. 我会尽力帮助你。 (3) 提出劝告或建议。如: You’d better ask your father first. 你最好先问一问你的父亲。 You should make a full investigation of it first. 你应该先全面调查一番。 (4) 提出问题。如: Do you think he could get here on time? 你认为他能按时来吗? Do you expect he would tell us the truth? 你期望他会告诉我们真相吗? (5) 表示对过去情况的责备时,常用虚拟语气。其虚拟语气的结构为:“情态动词 + have + 过去分词”。如: You should have got here earlier. 你应该早就到这里了。 You should have returned it to him. 你应该把他还给他了。引,你好!我是英语师2113范学校毕业的5261。关于虚拟语气的用法,4102建议你到我博客里的一篇文章去看看哦1653~分享的人还是挺多的,我用不同颜色标注出了需要注意的地方和重难点,比较完整,且清晰易懂,不会觉得糊涂麻烦。有兴趣的话,可以到下面的博客链接里去看一看!希望对你有所帮助哦~O(∩_∩)O~链接地址: http://hi.baidu.com/%D5%E7%D1%CCdcy97/blog/item/a7a126020bf495044bfb51dc.html,详见http://baike.baidu.com/view/26751.htm内容来自www.kj173.com请勿采集。

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